Guide: Caernarfon


Caernarfon is a royal town and port in Gwynedd, North Wales. Situated on the southern end of the Menai Straight it faces the Isle of Anglesey and is close to the Snowdonia National Park. Having been inhabited since Celtic times, the town is now home to a population of approximately 9,600 and receives more than 200,000 visitors every year.

The town is most famous for Caernarfon Castle, an impressive 13th century structure built by King Edward I as part of his “iron ring” of castles in North Wales. Inspired by the Roman city of Constantinople, it served as both royal palace and military fortress and was where Edward’s first son was born. The building of the castle was a definitive chapter in securing the king’s hold of Wales after he conquered the country in 1277.

Interesting facts

Records show Edward I spent £22,000 building the castle, a huge sum considering it was 240 pence to the pound at the time.

Charles, Prince of Wales, received his title in an investiture ceremony at Caernarfon Castle in 1969.

Welsh literary great Kate Roberts was born in the small village of Rhosgadfan, Caernarfonshire. Known mainly for her short stories, Kate was at the forefront of Welsh literature and as such earned herself the title “The Queen of our Literature.”

Places to stay in Caernarfon

A welcoming country house offering spacious bedrooms and wholesome, quality food. The hotel is located in a spectacular spot in the foothills of Snowdonia overlooking the Menai Strait.

Other nearby hotels

Places to visit

Sources of information


Map of Caernarfon:

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